Periodontal disease (or gum disease) is a condition that affects the gums and surrounding areas of teeth. It occurs when bacteria (plaque) attacks oral tissue. If untreated the gum tissue may become inflamed (gingivitis), resulting in bone loss (periodontitis) and possibly tooth loss.
Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is usually the first warning sign of periodontal disease. The gum tissue appears reddish in color and is sensitive to touch. Patients with gingivitis may bleed when brushing or flossing. The longer this disease goes untreated, the more the gum tissue recedes, showing delicate root areas that are sensitive to changes in temperature, pressure and eating.
There are different treatment options for periodontal disease (or gum disease). At Glorious Smiles in Flower Mound, TX we offer scaling and root planing. Scaling removes tarter and plaque from the area below the gum line while root planning creates a smoother root and gum surface.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How long does it take to cure?
Gum disease can be controlled, but it can not be completely cured.
Are there any risk factors?
Poor oral health, diabetes, and smoking may increase your chance of developing periodontal disease. Other factors that may lead to gum disease include genetics and complications associated with bite problems.
Is gum disease preventable?
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to maintain regular oral hygiene. Dr. Lopez Bhushan recommends brushing your teeth and flossing daily to reduce buildup of plaque.